The Human Impacts Database

A collection of useful numbers for quantifying the impacts of the human presence on Earth.

CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes

Atmospheric & Biogeochemical CyclesCarbon Dioxide

This quantity comes from a time series measurement and the most recent value (2018) is reported.


This is equivalent to...

(1.00 ± 0.05) × 1013 kg C / yr

36.6 ± 1.8 Pg CO2 / yr

10 ± 0.5 GtC / yr

HuID: 54608
Relevant Year(s): 2018
Summary: Mass of carbon dioxide (CO2) annual emissions resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels through a wide range of activities (e.g. transport, heating and cooling, industry, fossil industry own use, and natural gas flaring), the production of cement, and other process emissions (e.g. the production of chemicals and fertilizers). The value reported is for 2018, and can be found in Table 6 of Friedlingstein et al (2019).
Method: The uncertainty value represents one standard deviation. Fossil CO2 emissions are based on energy statistics and cement production data.
Source: Friedlingstein, P., Jones, M. W., O'Sullivan, M. et al. Global Carbon Budget 2019. Earth System Science Data (2019)
Dataset: Global carbon budget by year (global_carbon_budget_processed.csv)
global resolution
Original Data License: CC-BY 4.0
Added By: nsarai